Geospatial modeling of landscape ecological sustainability level in geo-‎tourism regions


  • Mehrdad Hadipour Associate Professor, Faculty of Biological Scienc, Kharazmi University, Iran



Bisheh, Ecological pattern, Fragstats, development of ecotourism, Landscape quality assessment


Identifying various geomorphologic units with ecotourism attraction and determining the high-quality ‎landscape are important steps in order to improve the quality and protecting natural ecosystems. The ‎present study aims to achieve a more appropriate landscape pattern in the framework of ecotourism ‎development in the geo-tourism region of Bishe Waterfall, in Iran taking into account the landscape ‎quality assessment and landscape ecological indicators. Appropriate ways are proposed to develop ‎ecotourism for achieving sustainable ecotourism. For data analysis, Arc GIS, Idrisi and Fragstats ‎software were used. Also, The area of the study was determined using google earth software, and LAND ‎SAT and NDVI images were used to produce vegetation type and density maps. The landscape quality ‎units were evaluated by the‏ ‏development of landforms, and then 18 areas were selected as scenic ‎landscapes and verified by using questionnaires. To evaluate the visual aspect, the area was divided into ‎‎17 49-hectare cells, and the corresponding metrics were compiled in Fragstats and the corresponding ‎maps were produced for analyzing and evaluating the landscape pattern using Arc GIS. The results ‎showed three levels of landscape quality assessment, which is distinct, ordinary and, poor, where the ‎landscape quality from the horizontal perspective corresponds to the landscape quality from the vertical ‎perspective, but the results of the visual assessment of the area with the landform model showed that ‎there is a conflict between the aesthetics and ecology in the region.




How to Cite

Hadipour, M. . (2021). Geospatial modeling of landscape ecological sustainability level in geo-‎tourism regions. Scientific Reports in Life Sciences, 2(1), 58–72.