Habitat corridors use by wildlife in wooded patches of an agricultural landscape in New Bussa, Nigeria


  • Udochi Inwon Fingesi Federal College of Wildlife Management, P. M. B. 268, New Bussa, Niger State




Abundance, Diversity index, Habitat Corridors, Nigeria, Wildlife


This study assesses the dispersal and use of corridors by wildlife in wooded patches of an ‎agricultural landscape in New Bussa. The study was undertaken to derive information on the ‎species of wildlife associated with different habitat corridors in both wet and dry seasons in the ‎area, as well as to determine their relative abundance and diversity in the area. The direct/indirect ‎method of census was used. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics ‎‎(tables), and Analysis of Variance [ANOVA] was used to test if species distribution differed ‎between habitats. The results showed that compared to the dry season, the rainy season had the greatest diversity of mammal species. In both the wet and dry seasons, there are more animal species in fencerows and hedgerows. During the two seasons, it was discovered that Agama agama, Rattus rattus of the Muridae family and Rousettus acguptiacus of the Pteropodidae family, Sciurus spermophilus, Sciurus carolinensis, and Epomophorus ganbianus were quite common in all habitat categories. The Estrildidae family, followed by the Ardedae family, has the largest relative abundance among the various bird species. While avian species diversity in the three habitat types in the wet and dry seasons indicates substantial species diversity in all habitats, mammal species diversity between habitats was considerably low (P>0.05) in both the wet and dry seasons. Therefore, in the agricultural environment of New Bussa, all habitat corridors with representative samples of animals are valuable for wildlife conservation.


Barling, R.D. and Moore, I.D., (1994). Role of buffer strips in management of waterway pollution: a review. Environmental Management 18: 543-58.

Beier, P. and Loe, S., (1992). A checklist for evaluating impacts to wildlife movement corridors. Wildlife Society Bulletin 20: 434–40.

Bennett, A.F, (2003).Linkages in the Landscapes. The role of corridors and Connectivity. In wildlife conservation IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.1-236.

Bennett, A.F., Henein, K. and Merriam, G., (1994). Corridor use and the elements of corridor quality: chipmunks and fencerows in a farmland mosaic. Biological Conservation 68: 155-65.

Dickson J. E., Williamson, J. H., Conner, R. N. and Ortego, B., (1995). Streamside zones and breeding birds in Eastern Texas. Wildlife Society Bulletin 23: 750-55.

Downes, S. J., Handasyde, K. A. and Elgar, M. A., (1997). The use of Corridors by mammals in fragmented Australian eucalalypt forests. Conservation Biology 11: 710-26.

Doyle, A. T., (1990).Use of riparian and habitats by small mammals. Journals of Mammalogy 71: 14-23.

Forman, R. T. T., (1995). Land mosaics. The ecology of landscapes and regions. (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge).

Fritz,R. and Merriam, G., (1994). Fencerow and forest vegetation structure in Eastern Ontario farmland. Ecoscience 1: 160-72.

Green, R. E., Osborne, P. E. and Sears, E.J., (1994). The distribution of passerine birds in hedgerows during the breeding season, in relation to characteristics of the hedgerows and adjacent farm land. Journal of Applied Ecology 31:677-92.

Harris, S. and Woollard, T.,(1990).The dispersal of mammals in agricultural habitats in Britain. Species Dispersal in Agricultural Habitats. (Eds .R. G. H Bunce and D.C. Howard). (Belhaven Press: London). 159-188.

Newmark, W. D., (1991). Tropical forest fragmentation and the local extinction of understory birds in the Eastern Usambara Mountains,Tanzania. Conservation Biology 5: 67-87.

Recher, H. F.,Serventy, D.L.,(1991). Long term changes in the relative abundance of birds in kings park, Perth, Western Australia. Conservation Biology. 5: 90-102.

Rushton, S. P., Hill, D. and Carter, S.P, (1994).The abundance of river corridor birds in relation to their habitats: a modeling approach. Journal of applied ecology. 31:313-28.

Schroeder, R. L., Cable, T.T. and Harie, S. L., (1992). Wildlife species richness in shelterbelts: test of a habitat model. Wildlife Society Bulletin 20: 264- 73.

Simpson, E. H., (1949). Measurement of Diversity, Nature 163, 688 –712.

Sipahutar M, 2017. Keanekaragaman Jenis dan Struktur Vegetasi Areal Bekas Kebakaran di Sanitra Sebangau Indah Taman Nasional Sebangau Kalimantan Tengah.

Smith, D.S. and Hellmund, P.C. (Eds), 1993. Ecology of Greenways. (University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis).

Warkentin, L. G., Greenberg, R. and Ortiz, J. S., (1995). Songbird use of gallery woodlands in recently cleared and older settled landscapes of the Selva Lacandona, Chiapas, Mexico. Conservation Biology 9: 1095-1106.




How to Cite

Fingesi , U. I. (2023). Habitat corridors use by wildlife in wooded patches of an agricultural landscape in New Bussa, Nigeria. Scientific Reports in Life Sciences, 4(2), 58–74. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8298249