The current state of biodiversity studies in Nigeria ‎


  • Sulaiman I. Muhammad Biological Sciences Department, Federal University Dutse P.M.B 7156, Dutse Jigawa, ‎Nigeria



Web of Science, Author, Affiliation, Publication


Biodiversity is fast declining, especially in African countries like Nigeria, with the lack of data.  This study was conducted to quantify biodiversity studies in Nigeria available on the Web of Science database. Data were collected from the Web of Science core collection from 1970-2020 with “Biodiversity” as the search term. Of the 141 781 global research on biodiversity, 155 (0.1%) were conducted in Nigeria. Ecology and Environmental Science Journal were the top leading Web of Science subject category, both with 34 published articles, followed by Biodiversity Conservation (21) and Plant Science (19). Bergi et al. (2007) is the most cited article with forty-nine (49) citations. The University of Ibadan and Luiselli L. were the affiliated authors with the highest number of published articles on biodiversity in Nigeria. Overall, there is an increasing trend of biodiversity research in Nigeria over the years. However, in comparison to the global research in biodiversity and considering the rate of biodiversity loss both locally and globally, there is a need for more biodiversity research in Nigeria. Wildlife managers and conservationists should pay more attention to biodiversity research in Nigeria.


Abalaka J. I., Manu S. 2007. Factors affecting forest bird diversity and recent avifaunal changes in the degrading Kagoro-Nindam forest reserves, Kaduna, Nigeria. Ostrich 78(2): 233-238.

Blankespoor G. W. 1991. Slash-and-burn shifting agriculture and bird communities in Liberia, West Africa. Biological Conservation 57(1), 41-71.

Borrow N., Demey R. 2014. Field Guide to the Birds of Western Africa. Second Edition. United States: Princeton University Press.

Dada E., Hahn M. 2020. Application of satellite remote sensing to observe and analyze temporal changes of cocoa plantation in Ondo State, Nigeria. Geojournal. doi: 10.1007/s10708-020-10243-y.

Elgood J. H., Heighhan J. B., Moore A. M., Nason A.M., Sharland R.E. Skinner N. J. 1994. The Birds of Nigeria (2nd edn). BOU Checklist No. 4. London: British Ornithologists’ Union/

Etemire U., Sobere N. U. 2020. Improving public compliance with modern environmental laws in Nigeria: looking to traditional African norms and practices. Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law 38(3): 305-327. doi: 10.1080/02646811.2020.1751970

Imarhiagbe O., Egboduku W. O., Nwankwo B. J. 2020. A review of the biodiversity conservation status of Nigeria. Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity 4(1): 73-83. doi: 10.22120/jwb.2019.115501.1096

Jimoh S. O., Muraina T. O., Bello S. K., NourEldeen N. 2020. Emerging issues in grassland ecology research: Perspectives for advancing grassland studies in Nigeria. Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology 106. doi: 10.1016/j.actao.2020.103548

Kadir M. O., Isagb S., Ogbebo J. U., Omoruy O. A., Unusiotame-Owolagb T. E., Lorenz A. S., Chi M. A. 2020. The presence of microcystins in the coastal waters of Nigeria, from the Bights of Bonny and Benin, Gulf of Guinea. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. doi: 10.1007/s11356-020-09740-x

Kofro C., Chapma A. 1995. Deforestation and bird species composition in Liberia, West Africa. Tropical Zoology 8(2): 239-256.

Manu S., Imong I. S., Cresswell W. 2010. Bird species richness and diversity at montane Important Bird Area (IBA) sites in south-eastern Nigeria. Bird Conservation International20(3): 231-239.

Newmark W. D. 1991. Tropical forest fragmentation and the local extinction of understory birds in the Eastern Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. Conservation Biology 5(1): 67-78.

UNCED. 1992. Agenda 21. United Nations Conference on Environment and Development.

Wilkinson R., Beecroft R. 1988. Kagoro forest conservation study. ICBP/NCF. Report No. 28: 1–81.




How to Cite

Muhammad , S. I. (2021). The current state of biodiversity studies in Nigeria ‎. Scientific Reports in Life Sciences, 2(1), 1–6.