A survey of butterfly species at the University of Uyo Main Campus, Nigeria


  • Daniel Jacob Department of Forestry and Wildlife, University of Uyo, Nigeria
  • Eteakamba Ukpong Department of Forestry and Wildlife, University of Uyo, Nigeria
  • Imaobong Jacob Department of Forestry and Wildlife, University of Uyo, Nigeria
  • Emediong E. Bassey University of Uyo, Nigeria
  • Lucky O. Atabo Department of Biology, Federal University Lokoja, Kogi state, Nigeria




ecological survey, Distribution, Species diversity, Nigeria


The research aimed to survey the different types of butterflies present in the main campus of the University of Uyo. The specific objectives were to determine the diversity of butterfly species in the study area, assess the abundance of butterfly species, and examine their distribution. The study area was divided into three sections, and a known length permanent transect line of 10m width was established in each section (500m, 500m, and 300m). Over a period of two months, adult butterflies were collected and their features and classification were observed and recorded weekly. Statistical and ecological models, such as total population density, frequency relative abundance, and Simpson's diversity, were used to analyze the data collected. The results showed a total of 1222 butterflies were collected, with an average frequency of 20.33 per week. The density per hectare was 15.63, and the total population density was 22.56. The overall diversity of butterfly species was found to be 0.1643, with mean totals of butterflies in the three sections ranging from 6.67 to 8.17. The species richness values were 0.99, 0.83, and 0.86 in the first, second, and third sections respectively. The study concluded that the diversity of butterfly species in the study area was low, with only 8 identified species. It was recommended that efforts should be made to improve the vegetation, including planting more flowering plants and fruit trees, to enhance the butterfly diversity. Overall, the study emphasized the need for conservation measures to protect the butterfly species in the University of Uyo main campus.




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How to Cite

Jacob, D., Ukpong, E., Jacob, I., Bassey, E., & Atabo, L. (2024). A survey of butterfly species at the University of Uyo Main Campus, Nigeria. Scientific Reports in Life Sciences, 5(1), 49–66. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.11080923